The Livingstone Online Digital Collection
This section describes the scope of the Livingstone Online digital collection and enumerates the various methods available for encountering this collection.
Livingstone Online offers a critically-mediated encounter with the literary and visual legacy of David Livingstone. At the heart of our mission lies our digital collection, which consists of images, transcriptions, and individual item records (i.e., metadata) for a broad range of literary and material artifacts produced by Livingstone or related to his travels and legacy.
Currently our published digital collection spans over 1,100 items consisting of 12,000 curated digital images (including 3,000 spectral images) and 500 edited and encoded transcriptions. By late 2017, these numbers will increase to 1,200 published items consisting of 15,000 images and 700 transcriptions.
Promotional Leaflet for Livingstone: A Super Film (Film), 1925, by Hero Films Ltd. Copyright National Library of Scotland. Creative Commons Share-alike 2.5 UK: Scotland
The items we published derive from the physical collections of over 40 repositories around the world; in many cases, these represent all Livingstone manuscripts held by those repositories. Although the digital files cannot replace the experience of interacting with the original items, the files nonetheless enable individual and comparative encounter with the items in ways difficult if not impossible in the real world.
Our digital collection encompass all facets of Livingstone's writing career and spans a diverse range of genres, including letters, essays, field diaries, research notebooks, maps, sketches, book manuscripts, marked proof engravings, biblical quotations, prescriptions, and autographs. Among our top treasures we count:
- The 1,100 page manuscript of Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa (1857), the book that established Livingstone’s reputation as one of the leading explorers of his day;
- Nearly all the surviving field diaries, journals, notebooks, and maps (over 2,000 pages) related to Livingstone’s last expedition to Africa (1866-73), among the largest such manuscript collections related to any nineteenth-century British expedition to Africa (forthcoming in 2017);
- Livingstone's Letter from Bambarre and the 1870 and 1871 Field Diaries, the first nineteenth-century British manuscripts to be studied with spectral imaging technology; and
- Collections of Livingstone's letters to key individuals in his life such as Agnes Livingstone, Robert Moffat, John Murray III, Roderick Murchison, and John Kirk.
A page from David Livingstone's 1870 Field Diary after spectral image processing to enhance staining. Copyright National Library of Scotland and Dr. Neil Imray Livingstone Wilson (as relevant). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
Additionally, we publish curated images of unique contextual materials such as painted magic lantern slides, publisher estimate books and trade advertisements, nineteenth-century illustrations of Livingstone's travels, promotional materials from films based on Livingstone's life, Livingstone's pocket Bible, and even Mary Moffat's wedding ring.
Our digital catalogue – the largest catalogue of Livingstone and Livingstone-related items ever created – encompasses nearly 3,000 items and serves as the gateway to our digital collection. Users can also search any combination of images, transcription, and item records from the search bar in all our page headers or browse our digital collection by Livingstone's correspondents, the diverse repositories with Livingstone materials, a timeline that plots all items chronologically, and a map that links items to the geographical locations where Livingstone and others created them (coming fall 2017).
Ivory Lip Ring, May 1859, from the Maganja ethnic group in Africa, with an inscription from David Livingstone. Copyright David Livingstone Centre, Dr. Neil Imray Livingstone Wilson (as relevant), and Roddy Simpson. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
For items published in our digital collection, users can view images and transcriptions online or download archival packets. These packets, which contain high-resolution JPEG images, critically encoded transcriptions, and a variety of supporting files, enable users to study our materials on their computers or to engage in advanced computational analysis of our files. We also allow users to download our complete set of MODS item records, all our critically edited and encoded TEI transcription files, or user-friendly PDF reading copies of individual items based on those TEI files. Scholars and others with research needs can also contact us for direct access to many of the archival-quality TIFF images from which our site images derive.