An Integrated Project Bibliography

This page presents a comprehensive, integrated bibliography of the primary texts and literary, historical, cultural, and scientific sources that serve as the basis of the Livingstone Spectral Imaging Project.

Primary texts
Literary, historical, and cultural sources
Scientific sources

Primary texts    Top

Anon. 1892. "Les Arabes du Haut Congo." Le Congo Illustré 1: 130-31.

Anon. 1894. "Les Chefs Arabes du Haut Congo." Le Congo Illustré 3: 17-20, 30-32, 38-39, 46-47, 50-51.

Baker, Samuel White. 1873-74. "The Khedive of Egypt's Expedition to Central Africa." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 18 (5): 50-69.

Baker, Samuel White. 1874. Ismailïa: A Narrative of the Expedition to Central Africa for the Suppression of the Slave Trade. 2 vols. London: Macmillan.

Bontinck, François, ed. and trans., with Koen Janssen. 1974. L'Autobiographie de Hamed ben Mohammed el-Murjebi Tippo Tip (ca.1840-1905). Brussel: Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen.

Bridges, Roy C. 1982. Letter to Ian Cunningham. 23 Aug. 1982. Private Correspondence.

Burton, Isabel. 1869. "The Sources of the Nile. To the Editor of the Times." The Times, 13 Nov., 7.

Burton, Richard Francis. 1860. The Lake Regions of Central Africa: A Picture of Exploration. 2 vols. London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts. 

Burton, Richard Francis, and James M'Queen. 1864. The Nile Basin. London: Tinsley Brothers.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1874a. Notebook (July-Sept. 1874). Acc.10120. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1874b. Journal II (June-Sept. 1874). Acc.10120. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1875. Letter (to Royal Geographical Society). 7 Sept. 1875. JMS/2/154. Royal Geographical Society, London.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1875-76a. "Lieut. Cameron's Letters Detailing the Journey of the Livingstone East Coast Expedition from Lake Tanganyika to the West Coast of Africa." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 20 (2): 117-34.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1875-76b. "On His Journey across Africa, from Bagamoyo to Benguela." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 20 (4): 304-28.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1876. "On His Journey across Africa from Bagamoyo to Benguela." JMS/2/155. Royal Geographical Society, London.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1877a. Across Africa. 2 vols. London: Dalby, Isbister & Co.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1877b. "On the Anthropology of Africa." Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 6: 167-81.

Cameron, Verney Lovett. 1877c. "On His Journey through Equatorial Africa." In Report of the Forty-Sixth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science; Held at Glasgow in September 1876, 181-82. London: John Murray.

Cooley, W.D. 1864. "On the Travels of Portuguese and Others in Inner Africa." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 8 (6): 255-56.

C[ooley], W.D. 1869. "Dr. Livingstone. To the Editor of the Times." The Times, 7 Sept., 8.

Cunningham, William. 1975. Letter to John G. Murray. 5 May 1975. Correspondence Archives. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

De Bono, Andrea. 1862. "Voyage au Fleuve Blanc, en 1861." Nouvelles Annales des Voyages 175 (3): 5-38.

Dhanis, Francis. 1895. "La Campagne Arabe du Manyema." Le Congo Illustré 4: 25-27, 33-35, 41-43, 53-55, 60-63, 68-70, 77-79.

Dickens, Charles. 1839. The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby. London: Chapman & Hall.

Fisher, A.B. 1911. Twilight Tales of the Black Baganda. London: Marshall Brothers.

Foà, Édouard. 1900. La Traversée de l'Afrique: Du Zambèze au Congo Français. Paris: Plon-Nourrit.

Glave, E. J. 1897a. "New Conditions in Central Africa: The Dawn of Civilization between Lake Tanganyika and the Congo." The Century Magazine 53 (6): 900-16.

Glave, E. J. 1897b. "Cruelty in the Congo Free State: Concluding Extracts from the Journals of the Late E.J. Glave." The Century Magazine 54 (5): 699-715.

Grant, James Augustus. 1872. "Summary of Observations on the Geography, Climate, and Natural History of the Lake Region of Equatorial Africa, Made by the Speke and Grant Expedition, 1860-63." Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 42: 243-342.

Herodotus. 1987. The History. Translated by David Grene. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hinde, Sidney Langford. 1895. "Three Years' Travel in the Congo Free State." The Geographical Journal 5 (5): 426-46.

Hinde, Sidney Langford. 1897. The Fall of the Congo Arabs. London: Methuen & Co.

Hutley, Walter. 1882. "Central Africa—The Slave Trade." The Times, 30 May, 6.

Johnston, Harry. 1902. The Uganda Protectorate. 2 vols. London: Hutchinson.

K. W. [Tito Gabafusa Winyi]. 1937. "The Kings of Bunyoro-Kitara. Part III." Uganda Journal 5 (2): 53-69.

Livingstone, David. 1857. Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa. London: John Murray.

Livingstone, David. 1865. Field Diary I. 4 Aug. 1865-31 Mar. 1866. 1123. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866a. Field Diary II. 4 Apr.-14 May 1866. 1124. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866b. Field Diary III. 14 May-30 June 1866. 1125. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866c. Field Diary IV. 1 July-5 Sept. 1866. 1142. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866d. Field Diary V. 5 Sept.-23 Oct. 1866. 1126. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866e. Field Diary VI. 24 Oct.-23 Dec. 1866. 1127. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866f. Field Diary VII. 26 Dec. 1866-1 Mar. 1867. 1128. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866-68. Astronomical Observations. 27 Mar. 1866-22 Dec. 1868. Educational Resource Service Headquarters, Hamilton, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1866-72. Unyanyembe Journal. 28 Jan. 1866-5 Mar. 1872. 1115. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1867a. Field Diary VIII. 4 Mar.-19 May 1867. MS. Dep. 343. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1867b. Field Diary IX. 20 May-7 Sept. 1867. MS. Dep. 343. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1867c. Field Diary X. 9 Sept. 1867-2 Jan. 1868. 1129. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1868a. Field Diary XI. 1 Jan.-12 June 1868. MS. Dep. 343. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1868b. Field Diary XII. 14 Apr.-10 Nov. 1868. On display. Livingstone Museum, Livingstone, Zambia.

Livingstone, David. 1868c. Fragment of Field Diary XII. 24-28 Dec. 1868. 67551. Wellcome Library, London.

Livingstone, David. 1869. Field Diary XIII. 28 June 1869-25 Feb. 1871. MS. Dep. 343. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1869-70a. Letter to the Earl of Clarendon. July 1868. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 14 (1):8-12.

Livingstone, David. 1869-70b. Letter to John Kirk. 8 July 1868. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 14 (1):8.

Livingstone, David. 1870a. Retrospect to be Inserted in the Journal. 10 Mar. 1870. MS. 10703, ff. 40-43. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870b. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary. 17, 24 Aug. 1870. 297a. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870c. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (I-IV). 18, 24 Aug. 1870. Add. MS. 50184, f. 169. British Library, London, England.

Livingstone, David. 1870d. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary. 25 Aug.-8 Oct. 1870. Transcribed by Agnes Livingstone. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16.6. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Livingstone, David. 1870e. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (X-XIII). 10 Oct. 1870. MS. 10703, ff. 1-2. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870f. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (XIV). 13 Oct. 1870. 297b. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870g. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary. 16 Oct. 1870. Transcribed by Agnes Livingstone. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16.6. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Livingstone, David. 1870h. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (XVII-XX). 19-31 Oct. 1870. 297d. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870i. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (XXI-LXI). 3-15 Nov. 1870. MS. 10703, ff. 3-23. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870j. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (LXII-LXIX). 22 Nov.-10 Dec. 1870. 297e. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1870k. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (LXX-LXXV). 12-23 Dec. 1870. MS. 10703, ff. 24-26. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871a. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (LXXVI). 16 Jan. 1871. 297b. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871b. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (LXXVIII-LXXXVII). 24 Jan.-19 Feb. 1871. MS. 10703, ff. 27-31. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871c. Letter to Horace Waller. 5 Feb. 1871. Peter Beard Studio, New York, New York, USA.

Livingstone, David. 1871d. Letter to John Kirk 2. 13 Feb. 1871. MS. 10701, f. 154. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871e. Fragment of 1870 Field Diary (LXXXVIII-CI). 21 Feb.-22 Mar. 1871. MS. 10703, ff. 32-35. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871f. Fragment of 1871 Field Diary (CII-CLXIII). 23 Mar. 1871-11 Aug. 1871. 297b, 297c. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871g. Letter to John Kirk 2. 25 Mar. 1871. MS. 10768, f. 80. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871h. Letter to Agnes Livingstone 3. Mar. 1871. MS. 10707, f. 85. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871i. Letter to John Kirk 2. 14 May 1871. MS. 10768, f. 81r. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871j. Letter to John Kirk 2. 26 June 1871. MS. 10768, f. 81v. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871k. Fragment of 1871 Field Diary. 11 Aug. 1871-9 Sept. 1871. MS. 10703, ff. 36-39. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871l. Fragment of 1871 Field Diary. 28 Sept. 1871-7 Oct. 1871. 1120b. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871m. Fragment of 1871 Field Diary. 23 Oct. 1871-3 Nov. 1871. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16.1, f. 172. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Livingstone, David. 1871n. Field Diary XIV. 14 Nov. 1871-14 Sept. 1872. 1130. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1871o. Letter to Horace Waller. Nov. 1871. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16.1, ff. 173-74. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Livingstone, David. 1872a. Letter to Lord Stanley. 15 Nov. 1870. Parliamentary Papers 70 (C-598):1-5.

Livingstone, David. 1872b. Letter to Lord Kinnaird. Nov. 1870. Dundee Advertiser, 9 Aug., 5.

Livingstone, David. 1872c. Letter to the Earl of Clarendon. 1 Nov. 1871. Parliamentary Papers 70 (C-598):6-10.

Livingstone, David. 1872d. Letter to Lord Granville. 14 Nov. 1871. Parliamentary Papers 70 (C-598):10-15.

Livingstone, David. 1872e. Letter to James Gordon Bennett. Nov. 1871. The Times, 27 July, 5C.

Livingstone, David. 1872f. Letter to James Gordon Bennett. Feb. 1872. The Times, 29 July, 12A.

Livingstone, David. 1872g. Field Diary XV. 7 July-1 Dec. 1872. 1131. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1872h. Field Diary XVI. 1 Dec. 1872-6 Apr. 1873. 1132. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1872-73. Letter to Thomas Maclear and William Mann. 17 Nov. 1871. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 17 (1):69-73.

Livingstone, David. 1873a. Notes and Calculations for Field Diary XVII. 7-9 Apr. 1873. T0317. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1873b. Field Diary XVII. 9 Apr.-28 Apr. 1873. 360. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre, Scotland.

Livingstone, David. 1873-74. Letter to H. Bartle E. Frere. 27 Nov. 1870. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 18 (3):265-67.

Livingstone, David. 1874. The Last Journals of David Livingstone in Central Africa, from 1865 to His Death, edited by Horace Waller. 2 vols. London: John Murray.

Livingstone, David. 1879. Letter to John Livingstone. Apr. 1870. In Life and Explorations of David Livingstone, LL.D., D.C.L., The Great Missionary Explorer in the Interior of Africa, by John S. Roberts, 473-81. Philadelphia: John E. Potter & Co.

Livingstone, David. 1880. Letter to Thomas Livingstone. 24 Sept. 1869. In The Personal Life of David Livingstone, by William Garden Blaikie, 394-97. London: John Murray.

Livingstone, David. 1964a. Letter to Robert Playfair and John Kirk. 2 Nov. 1870. In The Zambesi Doctors: David Livingstone's Letters to John Kirk, 1858-1872, edited by R. Foskett, 140-44. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Livingstone, David. 1964b. Letter to John Kirk. 25 Mar. 1871. In The Zambesi Doctors: David Livingstone's Letters to John Kirk, 1858-1872, edited by R. Foskett, 145-50. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Livingstone, David. 1964c. Letter to John Kirk. 14 May 1871. In The Zambesi Doctors: David Livingstone's Letters to John Kirk, 1858-1872, edited by R. Foskett, 151-52. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Livingstone, David. 1964d. Letter to John Kirk. 26 June 1871. In The Zambesi Doctors: David Livingstone's Letters to John Kirk, 1858-1872, edited by R. Foskett, 153-54. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Livingstone, David. 1973. Letter to James Hamilton. 8 Apr. 1870. In Catalogue of Atlases and Maps, Americana, Voyages, and Travel, Autograph Letters and Historical Documents (29-30 Oct. 1973), 70. London: Sotheby & Co.

Livingstone, David. 2016a. Letter to John Kirk or Robert Playfair. 30 May 1869. In Livingstone Online. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Libraries.

Livingstone, David. 2016b. Letter to Thomas Maclear. 8 July 1868. In Livingstone Online. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Libraries.

Livingstone, David, and Charles Livingstone. 1865. Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries. London: John Murray.

MacNair, James. 1928. Letter to John Murray V. 21 Dec. 1928. Correspondence Archives. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

McClay, David. 2011. Email to Adrian S. Wisnicki. 19 Jan. 2011. Private correspondence.

Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1864-65. "Address to the Royal Geographical Society." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 9: 195-274.

Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1869-70. "Presentation of the Royal Awards (At the Anniversary Meeting, May 23rd, 1870)." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 14: 279-332.

Murray, John, V. 1929. Letter to James MacNair. 19 Mar. 1929. Correspondence Archives. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

Murray, John, VI. 1972. Letter to William Cunningham. 11 Sept. 1972. Correspondence Archives. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

Murray, John, VII. 2009. Email to Adrian S. Wisnicki. 1 July 2009. Private correspondence.

Park, Mungo. 1799. Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa. London: W. Bulmer.

Speke, John Hanning. 1863. Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1871-72. Journal (10 Nov. 1871 - Unyanyembe, 14 Mar. 1872). Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1871. Field Notebook (16-29 Nov. 1871). Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1872. How I Found Livingstone: Travels, Adventures, and Discoveries in Central Africa; including Four Months' Residence with Dr. Livingstone. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1876-77. Field Notebook, labeled "Aug 21d 1876" (21 Aug. 1876 - 3 Mar. 1877). Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1877-78. "On His Recent Explorations and Discoveries in Central Africa." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 22 (2): 144-166.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1878. Through the Dark Continent, or The Sources of the Nile around the Great Lakes of Equatorial Africa and down the Livingstone River to the Atlantic Ocean. 2 vols. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1961. The Exploration Diaries of H.M. Stanley. Edited by Richard Stanley and Alan Neame. London: William Kimber.

Stanley, Henry Morton. 1970. Stanley's Despatches to the New York Herald. Edited by Norman R. Bennett. Boston: Boston University Press.

Waller, Horace. 1869a. Letter to David Livingstone. 25 Oct. 1869. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16. 1, ff. 219-22. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Waller, Horace. 1869b. Letter to David Livingstone. 24 Nov. 1869. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16. 1, ff. 223-24. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Waller, Horace. 1869c. Envelope Addressed to David Livingstone. 25 Nov. 1869. Waller MSS. Afr. s. 16. 8, ff. 202. Bodleian Library. Weston Library, Oxford, England.

Wilson, Neil. 2011. Email to Adrian S. Wisnicki. 22 Aug. 2011. Private correspondence.

Wissmann, Hermann. 1890. Unter Deutscher Flagge. Quer durch Afrika. Von West nach Ost. Von 1880 bis 1883. Ausgeführt von Paul Pogge und Hermann Wissmann. Berlin: Berlag von Malther & Upolant.

Wissmann, Hermann. 1891. My Second Journey through Equatorial Africa. Translated by Minna J.A. Bergmann. London: Chatto and Windus.

Young, E.D. 1868a. "Report of the Livingstone Search Expedition." Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 38: 111-18.

Young, E.D. 1868b. The Search after Livingstone: A Diary Kept during the Investigation of His Reported Murder. London: Letts.

 

Literary, historical, and cultural sources    Top

Afkami, Amir A. 1998. "Disease and Water Supply: The Case of Cholera in 19th Century Iran." In Transformation of Middle Eastern Natural Environments: Legacies and Lessons, edited by Jeff Albert, Magnus Bernhardsson, and Roger Kenna, 206-20. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Altick, Richard. 1973. Victorian People and Ideas. New York: Norton.

Ankei, Yuji. 1984. "Fish as 'Primitive Money': Barter Markets of the Songola." Senri Ethnological Studies 15: 1-68.

Ankei, Yuji. 1985. "A Comparative Study on the Barter Markets of the Upper Zaïre River." African Study Monographs, Supplementary Issue 4: 89-101.

Ankei, Yuji. 1986. "Connaissance Populaire du Poisson chez les Songola et les Bwari: Ethnoichtyologie Comparee des Pecheurs du Fleuve Zaire et du Lac Tanganyika." Africana Linguistica 10: 1-41.

Anon. 1992. National Library of Scotland Catalogue of Manuscripts Acquired Since 1925. Vol. VIII. Edinburgh: HMSO.

Barnett, Clive. 1998. “Impure and Worldly Geography: The Africanist Discourse of the Royal Geographical Society, 1831-73.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 23 (2): 239-51.

Bayly, Paul. 2014. David Livingstone: Africa’s Greatest Explorer: The Man, the Missionary and the Myth 1813–1873. Stroud: Foothill Media.

Bennet, Norman Robert. 1974. “The Arab Impact.” In Zamani: A Survey of East African History, edited by B.A. Ogot, 210–28. Nairobi: East African Publishing House and Longmans of Kenya.

Bennett, Norman Robert. 1986. Arab versus European: Diplomacy and War in Nineteenth-Century East Central Africa. New York: Africana Publishing Company.

Biebuyck, Daniel. 1973. Lega Culture: Art, Initiation, and Moral Philosophy among a Central African People. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Birmingham, David. 1981. Central Africa to 1870: Zambezia, Zaïre and the South Atlantic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Blaikie, William Garden. 1874. The Personal Life of David Livingstone. London: John Murray.

Blaikie, William Garden. 1880. The Personal Life of David Livingstone. London: John Murray.

Blaikie, William Garden. 1880. David Livingstone. London: Religious Tract Society.

Blaikie, William Garden. 1885. David Livingstone: The Authorised Biography. Dunbar: Labarum.

Bontinck, François. 1979. "La Date de la Rencontre Stanley-Livingstone." Africa: Rivista Trimestrale di Studi e Documentazione dell'Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente 34 (3): 225-41.

Boone, Olga. 1961. Carte Ethnique du Congo: Quart Sud-Est. Tervuren: Musee Royal de L'Afrique Centrale.

Boulger, D. C. 1989. The Congo State, Or the Growth of Civilisation in Central Africa 1860-98. London: W. Thacker.

Bridges, Roy C. 1968. "The Sponsorship and Financing of Livingstone's Last Journey." African Historical Studies 1 (1): 79-104.

Bridges, Roy C. 1973. "The Problem of Livingstone's Last Journey." In Proceedings of a Seminar Held on the Occasion of the Centenary of the Death of David Livingstone at the Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh, 4th and 5th May 1873, 163-85. Edinburgh: Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Bridges, Roy C. 1976a. "W. D. Cooley, the RGS and African Geography in the Nineteenth Century: Part I: Cooley's Contribution to the Geography of Eastern Africa." The Geographical Journal 142 (1): 27-47.

Bridges, Roy C. 1976b. "W. D. Cooley, the RGS and African Geography in the Nineteenth Century: Part II: Cooley's Attitudes and Achievements." The Geographical Journal 142 (2): 274-86.

Bridges, Roy C. 1977. "The Documentation of David Livingstone: Some New Materials." Hakluyt Society Annual Report and Statement of Accounts 1977-1978, 1-8.

Bridges, Roy C. 1987. "Nineteenth-Century East African Travel Records with an Appendix on 'Armchair Geographers' and Cartography." Paideuma 33: 179-96.

Bridges, Roy C. 1988. “Elephants, Ivory and the History of the Ivory Trade in East Africa.” In The Exploitation of Animals in Africa: Proceedings of a Colloquium at the University of Aberdeen, March 1987, 193–220. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University African Studies Group.

Bridges, Roy C. 1998. "Explorers' Texts and the Problem of Reactions by Non-Literate Peoples: Some Nineteenth-Century East African Examples." Studies in Travel Writing 2: 65-84.

Bridges, Roy C. 2004. "Cooley, William Desborough (1795?-1883)." Online ed. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Bridges, Roy C. 2007. "William Desborough Cooley 1795-1883." Geographers Bibliographical Studies 27: 43-62.

Brodie, Fawn. 1967. The Devil Drives: A Life of Sir Richard Burton. London: Eland.

Bulck, R. P. G. van. 1948. Recherches Linguistiques au Congo Belge: Résultats Acquis Nouvelles Enquêtes à Entreprendre. Bruxelles: Institut Royal Colonial Belge, Section des Sciences Morales et Politiques.

Burton, Andrew. 2002. "Urbanisation in Eastern Africa: An Historical Overview, c.1750-2000." In The Urban Experience in Eastern Africa c.1750-2000, edited by Andrew Burton, 1-28. Nairobi: The British Institute in Eastern Africa.

Butcher, Tim. 2008. Blood River: The Terrifying Journey Through The World’s Most Dangerous Country. New York, New York: Grove Press.

Buxton, Meriel. 2001. David Livingstone. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Callahan, Gerald N. 2003. "Eating Dirt." Emerging Infectious Diseases 9, 8.

Campbell, R.J. 1929. Livingstone. London: Ernest Benn Ltd.

Casada, James A. 1974. "British Exploration in East Africa: A Bibliography with Commentary." Africana Journal 5 (3): 195-239.

Casada, James A. 1975. "Verney Lovett Cameron: A Centenary Appreciation." The Geographical Journal 141 (2): 203-15.

Catalogue of Valuable Printed Books Americana Autograph Letters and Historical Documents, 28 November 1966. 1966. London: Sotheby's.

Catania, Charles. 2002. Andrea De Bono: Maltese Explorer On The White Nile. Leicestershire: Upfront.

Ceulemans, P. 1959. La Question Arabe et le Congo (1883-1892). Bruxelles: Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales, Classe des Sciences Morales et Politiques.

Chamberlin, David. 1930. David Livingstone. London: Sheldon Press.

Clendennen, Gary W., and Ian C. Cunningham. 1979. David Livingstone: A Catalogue of Documents. Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland for the David Livingstone Documentation Project.

Clendennen, Gary W., and James A. Casada. 1981. "The Livingstone Documentation Project." History in Africa 8: 309-17.

Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. 1991. "The Process of Urbanization in Africa (From the Origins to the Beginning of Independence)." African Studies Review 34 (1): 1-98.

Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. 2005. The History of African Cities South of the Sahara from Origins to Colonization. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers.

Cornet, René. 1955. Maniema: Le Pays des Mangeurs d'Hommes. 2nd ed. Bruxelles: Editions L. Cuypers.

Coupland, Reginald. 1945. Livingstone's Last Journey. London: Collins.

Coupland, Reginald. 1968. The Exploitation of East Africa 1856-1890: The Slave Trade and the Scramble. 2nd ed. London: Faber & Faber.

Cunningham, Ian C., ed. 1985. David Livingstone: A Catalogue of Documents: A Supplement. Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland for the David Livingstone Documentation Project.

Doyle, Shane. 2006. Crisis and Decline in Bunyoro. Oxford: James Currey.

Driver, Felix; Lowri Jones. 2009. "Hidden Histories? Local Knowledge and Indigenous Agency in the History of Geographical Exploration." Paper presented at the 14th international Conference of Historical Geographers, Kyoto, Aug. 2009.

Droogers, André. 1980. The Dangerous Journey: Symbolic Aspects of Boys Initiation among the Wagenia of Kisangani, Zaire. The Hague: Mouton Publishers.

Droogers, André. 1985. "Les Wagenia de Kisangani entre le Fleuve et la Ville." In Kisangani 1876-1976: Histoire d'une Ville: Tome 1: La Population, edited by B. Verhaegen. Kinshasa: Presses Universitaires du Zaire.

Fabian, Johannes. 2000. Out of Our Minds: Reason and Madness in the Exploration of Central Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Flint, Lawrence S. 2003. "State-Building in Central Southern Africa: Citizenship and Subjectivity in Barotseland and Caprivi." The International Journal of African Historical Studies 36 (2): 393-428.

Gelfand, Michael. 1957. Livingstone the Doctor, His Life and Travels: A Study in Medical History. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Gray, Richard. 1961. A History of the Southern Sudan 1839-1889. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Guthrie, Malcolm. 1967-71. Comparative Bantu: An Introduction to the Comparative Linguistics and Prehistory of the Bantu Languages. Farnborough: Gregg International.

Helly, Dorothy O. 1987. Livingstone's Legacy: Horace Waller and Victorian Mythmaking. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

Helly, Dorothy O. 2008. "Waller, Horace (1833-1896)." Online ed. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Henderson, Lawrence W. 1979. Angola: Five Centuries of Conflict. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Hill, Richard. 1959. Egypt in the Sudan 1820-1881. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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